Published On: Fri, Jul 12th, 2019

The Various Functions and Features of a Motherboard

If CPU is considered as the computer’s brain, then the motherboard is known to be its spinal cord and nervous system of the electronic device. It not only handles data in the CPU but it also provides a place for the CPU to sit. Choosing the right motherboard is very important for all computers, and there is a lot depending on it.

The motherboard, [เมนบอร์ด, which is the term in Thai] is the main circuit board in a computer. There are several components in a motherboard which includes expansion slots, memory, and processor. It connects directly or indirectly to every part of the computer.

Parts of a Motherboard

Some of the typical parts of a motherboard are as follows:

  • A CPU socket which has sinks and mounting points for fans in order for the heat if the CPU to sink in and cool itself down.
  • A power source which distributes power to the entire CPU and its components.
  • Slots for DRAM Chips for the main memory of the system.
  • The Northbridge on a motherboard forms an interface between the main CPU and its components, and it also contains a heat sink.
  • There is also Southbridge which controls the input and output of data in the CPU. The Northbridge and Southbridge together form the chipset.
  • It also has also to store hard drive and connections like Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) and Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA).
  • The ROM chip contains instructions for the computer known as BIOS.
  • It also contains Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) and Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe) for graphics and video cards.
  • It has additional Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) slots to connect hardware.

Its Features

A motherboard has the following features:

  • It varies significantly in supporting various types of components, and different motherboard has different capacities.
  • It has a single type of CPU and a few other types of memories.
  • All the components of the computer such as the motherboard, the slots, and the cases and power supplies should be compatible with each other in order for the computer to work correctly.
  • Hard disks, sound card, and the video cards need to be compatible with each other for the motherboard to function correctly.

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